The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: 1.)Pancha-Gauda
Brahmins and 2.) Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from South of Vindhya mountains as per
the shloka, however this sloka is from Rajatarangini of Kalhana which is composed
only in 11th CE.
Pancha Gauda Brahmins(Panch Gaur) : (1) Saraswat, (2) Kanyakubja, (3) Maithil
Brahmins, (4) Gauda brahmins, and (5)Utkala Brahmins . In addition, for the purpose
of giving an account of Northern Brahmins each of the provinces must be considered
separately, such as, Kashmir, Nepal, Uttarakhand, Himachal, Kurukshetra, Rajputana,
Uttar Pradesh, Ayodhya (Oudh), Gandhar, Punjab, North Western Provinces and Pakistan,
Sindh, Central India, Trihoot, Bihar, Orissa, Bengal, Assam, etc. The originate
from south of the (now-extinct) Saraswati River.
Pancha Dravida Brahmins Paara Thrivikraman Namboothiri, Head Priest of Guruvayoor
Temple in Kerala, 1960's Panch Dravida : 1) Andhra, 2) Dravida, 3) Karnataka, 4)
Maharashtra and Konkon, and 5) Gujarat.